The ESC elaborated a resolution and proposed a number of improvements to the measures and policies for reducing the share of long-term unemployed in Bulgaria. The data for the long-term unemployed is disturbing also in the EU, where it is reported that one of every 20 economically active persons is a long-term unemployed, states the resolution. Also every year about 20% of the long-term unemployed switch to the economically inactive population because they become discouraged to search for a job.
In its resolution the ESC raises the question of the existing methodological differences in Bulgaria when the long-term unemployed are actually reported, which leads to different findings on the basis of which the measures and policies are formed. The ESC considers that as a result of not properly estimating the size of long-term unemployment the public social expenditure and public funds are significantly burdened. The ESC notices that long-term unemployed often resort to illegal incomes.
According to the resolution the groups at the highest risk of becoming long-term unemployed are people with lower education and qualification or no education, older people – due to the outdated skills and knowledge, young people – due to the lack of experience and practical skills, people with disabilities, mothers who bring up their children at home, marginalised groups and last but not least - those who live in mountainous and hilly areas.
The ESC recommends on the basis of a deep analysis of the causes and characteristics of long-term unemployed to be objectively evaluated the picture and to be formed policies and measures for reintegrating this group into the labour market. Also the resolution draws attention to one of the most important preconditions for returning the long-term unemployed to employment - training and qualification, and recommends to be used more actively the learning through work for acquiring new skills and recovering work habits.
Once again, the ESC focuses on the problem of early school leaving and argues that returning of children in the education system is one of the most effective measures to reduce the long-term unemployed share.